Maha Bandha

Maha Bandha word is taken from the Sanskrit language. Maha means great and Bandha stands for a Lock. Hatha Yoga Pradipika describes Bandha as a mandatory practice in daily routine to attain the highest level of Yogic life.

It is a sequence of three Bandhas, Mool Bandha (root locking), Uddiyana Bandha (abdominal locking), and Jalandhar Bandha (throat locking).

Maharishi Gherand mentioned that a person should be master in this Bandha after practicing all three Bandhas repeatedly. It is an advanced practice that comes later when a Yogi has experience in all three Bandhas.

How to practice Maha Bandha?

The great lock should be practiced early in the morning with an empty stomach when there is a lot of availability of Prana Vayu or a vital force in the universe. In practicing Maha Bandha, this process is required: –

  1. Sit in any comfortable sitting posture i.e. Sukhasana, Siddhasana, and Padmasana.
  2. Keep straight your back so the prana is moving freely to the entire body system.
  3. Place the palms over knees, just relax in posture.
  4. Take a deep breath, fill the lungs with fresh air and exhale fully outside.
  5. Make Kumbhaka or hold your breath outside. Firstly make Mool Bandha, second attempt Uddiyana Bandha, and finally practice Jalandhar bandha.
  6. Hold the breath for 20 to 30 seconds until it is possible. When you need to open the locks please open them one by one starting from Jalandhar Bandha.
  7. Please make sure that breathing is proper, it should not be disturbed. If it is required make 3 normal breathing.
  8. Practice Maha Bandha 5 to 10 times without any break and concentrate on the root channel.                            maha-bandha

Benefits of Maha Bandha

It brings the efficiency of all three Bandhas together. In the meantime, a practitioner attains all the benefits of practicing Mool Bandha, Uddiyana Bandha, and Jalandhar Bandha. There are many benefits of Maha Bandha and these are: –

  • Maha Bandha is excellent in awakening Kundalini power.
  • It nourishes our intestines and they work progressively.
  • The endocrine system is very active after practicing this bandha. 
  • It activates the solar-plexus channel and it is a wonderful practice for gaining a good appetite.
  • It brings complete equilibrium to the body and mind.


  • It should never be attempted if the stomach is heavy. It may cause stomach aching.
  • If there is any surgery on the stomach, it should be avoided.
  • Maha Bandha should not be attempted by persons who are suffering from heart disorders, Hernia, Ulcer, and Appendix problems.
  • During pregnancy, it is advisable not to attempt Maha Bandha.

Note: It is highly advisable to practice before practicing Nauli Kriya of the Shatkarmas. It gives a perfect shape to the Rectus Abdominis muscle which is mainly used in Nauli practice.